HookedinFishing » Freshwater Fish » Trout

Trout – Species Breakdown

4 types of trout inclusing: rainbow, brown, cutthroat, and brook

Trout are one of the most popular freshwater fish that anglers target. They put up a great fight, can be found throughout the country, and they taste great. There are 14 different types of trout.

Types of Trout & Identification

rainbow trout being held out of water by angler

Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

  • Distinct red pink stripe down their side
  • Black spots throughout body
  • Square, broad tail

Learn more about rainbow trout

brook trout being held above water

Brook Trout (Salmo trutta)

  • Worm like markings along back & head
  • White edges along fins
  • Found in eastern North America, Europe, Argentina, New Zealand, and Australia

Learn more about brook trout

brown trout being held out of water with a fly in it's mouth

Brown Trout (Salmo trutta)

  • Silver & golden brown
  • Orange to red spots with silver rings around them
  • Found throughout the United States, Europe, Africa, and Western Asia

Learn more about brown trout

Cutthroat trout being held out of water

Cutthroat Trout (Oncorhynchus Clarkii)

  • Red coloring under lower jaw, looks like it is bleeding from it’s throat
  • Black spots on the top half of it’s body
  • Found in western United States & southwest Canada

Learn more about cutthroat trout

Lake trout laying on gravel with scattered leafs

Lake Trout

  • Dark green to brown or greyish color
  • Darker on top half of body
  • White to yellow spots throughout body

Where to Find Trout

Trout can be found throughout the United States in rivers, creek, ponds, and lakes. Trout can also be found in Canada, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Australia. They are most often fished for in rivers and streams with a fly rod.

Best Time to Fish for Trout

The best time to fish for trout is early mornings during spring. You can refer to the table below to find the best time of year for your area.

LocationBest Months
Eastern USMid-March to June
Western USJuly to Early-September
Southern USDecember to March
Northern US/CanadaJune

Frequently Asked Questions

What trout taste the best?

Brook trout are often considered the best tasting trout species. They have a sweet flavor that pairs nicely with a light butter and herbs.

What trout has pink meat?

Most wild trout will have pink meat. Most attribute this to wild trout’s diet consisting of crustaceans, krill, and scuds. Farm raised trout will often have white meat due to cheaper mass produced feeding.

Which trout fight the hardest?

Rainbow trout are the hardest fighting trout, especially sea run rainbows. The time they spend in the strong current of the ocean builds up their strength that they put to use once you hook them in a stream.

Which trout gets the biggest?

Lake trout are the largest species of trout. The world record lake trout is 72 lbs and was caught in 1995 by Lloyd Bull.

Which trout have teeth?

All trout have teeth along their upper jaw and bottom jaw. Rainbow trout also have vomerine teeth in the roof of their mouth. Brown and cutthroat trout have teeth along their gills and at the base of their tongue.

Do trout have scales?

Trout have scales but they are so thin you don’t need to remove them before eating.